What Are Training Principles

Before we jump in and discuss the different training principles and their specific purpose, we first need to understand what are training principles and why you need to understand these principles of training.

In this article you will learn

What are principles

Elon Musk has termed the term “first principles” again and he quotes, and a lot of his success, he attributes, a lot of his success to these first principles.

Hedge fund manager Ray Dalio wrote in his book “Principles” that principles are fundamental truths that serves as a foundation for behavior that gets what you want out of life. They can be applied again and again, in different situations. And having a good set of principles is like having a recipe for success.

Having a good set of principles is like having a recipe for success.

And all successful people have principles they operate by.

What are training principles and a definition of training principles

The definition of training principles, from Stone, Stone and Sands in the book of Principles and Practice of Resistance Training said ‘Training is a complex process, guided by training principles that serve to unify the training effort, and categorize the various tasks into an easily understood structure.’

Therefore a training principle definition could be ‘Training Principles unify the training effort and categorize different tasks into an easy to understand structure.”

In essence, training principles are the basis of training.

Why are training principles important to understand

Another definition of training principles from Tudor Bompa is ‘The main objective of training is to increase the athletes sporting skill, and ultimately, levels of sporting performance. Training principles are the foundation of the theory and methodology of training.’ So, the takeaway is that training aims to improve performance, and training principles are the foundation of training.

Training aims to improve performance, and training principles are the foundation of training.

What are training principles in sport? And the practical application of training principles

What are some of these training principles?

Let’s look at a few examples from classical textbooks.

The Essentials of Strength and Conditioning outlines

  • the principle of specificity
  • the principle of overload
  • the principle of progression

In Science and Practice of Strength Training from Zatsiorsky and Kramer, they outline

  • the principle of overload
  • the principle of accommodation
  • the principle of specificity
  • the principle of individualization

In Periodization for Sports Training from Bompa and Buzzichelli, they describe

  • the principle of progressive increase of load
  • the principle of variety
  • the principle of individualization
  • the principle of specificity

In the book Principles and Practice of Resistance Training from Stone, Stone and Sands they discuss

  • the principle of increasing load demands
  • the principle of continuous load demands
  • the principle of awareness
  • the principle of planning and systems
  • the principle of presentation
  • the principle of individualization
  • the principle of variety

Vern Gambetta in his book Athletic Development outlines

  • the principle of progression
  • the principle of accumulation
  • the principle of variation
  • the principle of context
  • the principle of overload
  • the principle of recoverability
  • the principle of specificity

Bompa and Haff in the book Periodization describe

  • the principle of multilateral development
  • the principle of specialization
  • the principle of individualization
  • the principle of training variation
  • the training principle of load progression
  • the principle of sequence of training load

The Juggernaut Training System outlines

  • the specificity principle
  • the overload principle
  • the fatigue management principle
  • the stimulus recovery adaptation principle
  • the variation principle
  • the principle of phase potentiation
  • the principle of individual differences

And lastly from Renaissance Periodization

  • the specificity training principle
  • the overload training principle
  • the fatigue management training principle
  • the stimulus recovery adaptation training principle
  • the variation training principle
  • the principle of phase potentiation
  • the principle of individualization

Do you want to get a detailed overview of all training principles?

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What are principles of training Round-up

Principles are fundamental truth and can be applied to many different areas in life, and having a good set of principles is like having a recipe for success.

Training principles are the foundation of training and since training aims to improve performance, you need to understand training principles to have success in training.

However, when it comes to training principles, it seems like different people use different training principles and a different number of training principles.

In the next part of this Ultimate Guide To Training Principles, we look at a different approach to training principles.

Go ahead to the next page and learn about A Different Approach To Training Principles